Leonberger was initially bred as a guard dog, but due to its kind and friendly demeanor, it has amassed legions of fans.

With a prominent head carriage, straight top line, and balanced frame, the Leonberger is a calm, large, strong working dog. They’re sometimes referred to as Leos since they have lion-like manes.

The Leonberger is largely regarded as a loyal friend who participates enthusiastically in most family activities and socializes at human gatherings. This dog’s loving disposition and lively behavior would be a wonderful addition to any home with children.

History of Leonberger

In 1846, the Leonberger made its debut in Leonberg, Germany. The Leonberger was created as an attempt to produce a dog that looked like a lion, as part of Leonberg’s crest. They became quite popular, and a number of notable persons possessed them.

During World War I, the breed was on the verge of extinction. During WWII, the German government took over the breeding program, which was later revived by the Deutsche Club fur Leonberger Hunde.

In the United States, the Leonberger has a small but rising fan base; the United Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1991. The Leonberger dog is still uncommon today, but its numbers and popularity are growing.

Leonberger Personality

Leonbergers are quiet and peaceful dogs, yet they aren’t sluggish. They do not perform well in kennels and want to be with their owners. Outside, they are lively dogs who demand more than just a walk.

Leos should be laid-back, calm, loyal, and level-headed. They are playful and get along nicely with other pets and children. They pick things up quickly, and due to their small, training is very crucial and should begin as soon as possible.

Leonbergers are smart and trainable dogs, but they may be stubborn. They are not known to be violent with people, but as they grow older, they become more reserved towards strangers.

Leonberger Temperament

Leo dogs are gentle giants. Leonbergers were bred to be huge family dogs and are warm-hearted and loving. The most appealing qualities of this breed are its pleasant demeanor and mild disposition.

Leo is a loyal and trustworthy companion who is also calm and affectionate. They have a strong desire to please and are quite straightforward to train. Strangers find them nice, yet they are protective of their owners.

They get along well with other pets and dogs, yet some can be bossy around other dogs. They are quiet and peaceful indoors, yet they make excellent watchdogs.

These dogs get along with other dogs and love participating in whatever game is being played in the house. They’re delightful pets to have around because of their energetic disposition!

Size and appearance of Leonberger

How big is a Leo?

Leonbergers are a huge dog breed with a thick double coat. A grown male stands 31 inches tall at the shoulder, whereas a grown female stands 30 inches tall.

When fully mature, a male can weigh up to 180 pounds while a female can weigh up to 140 pounds. These puppies weigh an average of 22 pounds when they reach the age of eight weeks. At 18-22 months, they are considered adult size.

Appearance of Leonberger

With a balanced body type, mild temperament, and dramatic presence, the Leonberger is a huge, strong, and attractive dog. A stunning black mask adorns the skull, projecting the breed’s distinguishing expressions of intelligence, pride, and kindness.

The modern Leonberger comes in a range of coat colors, including “lion yellow,” red, red-brown, and sand, all of which can be highlighted with black tipping.

Leonbergers are a dimorphic breed, which means that males and females of the breed are easily divisible. With narrower hips and shoulders, the female has a lovely, slim bodyline. Males have larger heads and paws, as well as thicker coats with a noticeable mane.

Leonberger Health & Problems

This dog has health difficulties that are typical in other large dog breeds. Leonberger dogs, like many other breeds, are susceptible to genetic eye diseases, as well as hip and elbow dysplasia. Prior to breeding, dogs should have their eyes tested and their hips scored.

Despite being usually healthy, the Leonberger breed suffers from health issues that affect most large dog breeds. Almost all huge dog breeds have hip dysplasia, stomach torsion, different malignancies, dilated cardiomyopathy, and a shorter lifespan.

Leo Lifespan

To maintain healthy muscles and joints throughout its life, this energetic dog requires lean protein such as chicken, lamb, and turkey.

Leonbergers had a median lifetime of roughly 7 years in surveys conducted in the United Kingdom and Canada, which is around 4 years less than the average purebred dog but for typical of comparably sized breeds.

In the surveys, about 20% of Leonbergers lived for ten years or more. In both polls, the oldest dogs died around the age of 13. The breed has average longevity of 8.75 years in France.

How To Take care of Leonberger

Exercise Requirements

The Leonberger dog enjoys long walks and enjoys running around and playing. They are water babies who like nothing more than a nice swim. A fit adult should exercise for a couple of hours each day.

This dog enjoys hiking, jogging, and swimming. The breed is built for swimming, with superior lung capacity, webbed feet, and a waterproof coat.

Leos can withstand cold weather well, but they can become overheated in warmer weather because of their thick double coats. In hot weather, it’s great to provide a cool spot for a Leo and limit exertion to the cooler hours of the day.

A Visit to the Vet

It is an important and valuable way to taking care of your Leonberger Dog. Like all dog breeds, This breed needs to go to the vet once per year for a checkup.

Generally, a complete physical examination of a particular dog is needed at least once a year. It involves getting your dog’s temperature, checking heart, lungs, weighing, stomach, eyes, teeth, ears, skin, and coat.

Vaccinating your pet has long been regarded as one of the most straightforward approaches to assist him to live a long, healthy life. Puppies are typically vaccinated at 8 and 10 weeks; your young Leo should then be given a booster 12 months after their first vaccination because it’s beneficial to take care of any pets.

Grooming & Bruising

The Leonberger is most attractive when freshly bathed and manicured; in its natural form, it is wet and green. They shed moderately, with more shedding occurring twice a year.

This breed sheds somewhat throughout the year, but especially in the spring and fall. Leos require regular maintenance, including hair combing once or twice a week. They don’t need their coats trimmed or sculpted too often.

The Leonberger has a double coat that comprises a thick undercoat and a somewhat long, close-top coat. Brush the coat twice or three times a week to eliminate any dead or loose hair and keep it in good condition.

Providing a high-quality dog food

Each dog is individual and, therefore, will need a particular diet.  Since the Leonberger is inclined to hip and elbow dysplasia, provide him food enriched with fish oil, glucosamine, and chondroitin.  It is necessary to evade over feeding your dog as it can only exasperate health obstacles such as elbow and hip dysplasia. Your most essential purpose should be to provide your pet companion properly.

The Leonberger is a big dog, so going for the best big breed dry dog food may be the correct choice. If, upon all benefits, your dog turned out small, search for one of the greatest dry dog food for small dogs and see if they like it!

Here we list out some of the best good dog food for Leo.

Best dog food for Leonberger 2021

  • Orijen Original Formula Dry Dog Food.
  • Natural Balance Sweet Potato & Fish.
  • Merrick Grain Free Dry Dog Food.
  • Blue Buffalo Wilderness High Protein Grain Free.
  • Hill’s Science Diet Dry Dog Food (Small Bites)

Avoid unhealthy and digestive system-damaging foods similar to soy, wheat, and corns.

Remember that some of the smallest breeds have the most refined taste. Even though your Leonberger is big, we’re sure your puppy won’t mind taking a bite of these best dry dog food brands for Pugs!

How To Train Leo

Harsh training methods do not work with Leonberger; positive reinforcement works best. The importance of early socialization and obedience training cannot be overstated. Leos are also exceptionally clever canines who respond well to instruction.

In fact, this breed requires both training and socialization. When they’re under a year old, they need basic puppy training and obedience classes so they know who’s in charge.

Training this dog is rather simple due to its intelligence and eagerness to please. For a dog of this size, and effective obedience training program is required. However, because this breed is so delicate, harsh treatment or yelling during training can just irritate the puppy.

Potty Training

It’s a fantastic time when you buy a new puppy in your home, but a new puppy also comes with many challenges. The first and most significant challenge that you may face is that of potty training.

If your dog decides to go with an indoor potty, so placement is essential. Find a space in your home where messes won’t interfere with your life.

Potty training your Leonberger puppy can take a lot of time, patience, and attention, but luckily, one tool can make a huge difference: a potty training pad.

Some dog experts recommend that you begin house training your puppy when they are between 12 weeks and 16 weeks old. At that time, they have ample control of their bladder and bowel movements to learn to hold them.

Crate Training

If you’re planning on crate training, your puppy should be placed to bed every night in its crate. However, you may require thinking of the best place for that crate at the beginning.

Correctly done crate training is also a highly effective management technique that dog owners can be a lifesaver.

Using a crate is essential to keep your dog from getting into a riot when you can’t supervise them directly.

Crate training is suitable for hunting dogs because it keeps them comfortable during hunts and on the road.


Leonberger puppy might produce aggressive behaviors and severe anxiety if you do not enforce the early socialization. In the method of early socialization, you will present the puppy to different objects, people, and areas as advanced as possible.

There are two stages of this process. The first one initiates as early as 2 and 1/2 weeks. From this period of time up to four weeks of age, the buyers will hold the dog in a listed amount of time. The second stage of socialization begins from four weeks of age to 16 weeks of age. You will let the dog become familiar with neighboring formations and smells.

This training activity aims to form the puppy into a fearless and incredible adult dog. The dog will appear at ease with interacting with people and different dogs, providing to their potential in becoming therapy dogs, service dogs, or herders.

How much do Leos cost?

The cost of a Leonberger puppy ranges from $2,000 to $4,000. Although not as pricey as other dog breeds like the Mastiff, this breed is clearly on the higher end of the pricing spectrum for dog breeds.

The cost of veterinary care for this breed is from $700 to $1000 per year. As is to be expected, this dog’s food budget is a little greater than that of smaller breeds. The cost of food each month ranges from $90 to $100.

Leonberger puppies for sale

You may believe that now that you know a little more about the Leonberger, this is the dog for you. Please consult the breed club or your state’s purebred dog governing organization before making a decision.

Adoption is an excellent way to ensure that the dog you bring home comes from a reliable and trustworthy source. You can adopt the dog of your dreams from a number of reputable adoption homes in the area.

These adoption centers include a wide variety of dogs, including some unusual breeds like the Leonberger, all of which are ready to be adopted by new owners.

Leonberger breeders

Breeders that are responsible seek to uphold the highest breed standards set by kennel associations such as the American Kennel Club. Health problems are less likely to be passed down to dogs bred to these criteria. However, the breed is prone to several hereditary health issues.

Contact the Breed Club if you have determined this is the dog for you and would like to learn more. They’ll be able to tell you about available puppies and recommend dog shows where you can see the breed and speak with breeders.

Advantage and disadvantages of Leonberger

Pros of Leo

  • Protective personality
  • Makes for a good watchdog
  • Highly intelligent and response well to training
  • An even-tempered dog that’s friendly with animals

Cons of Leo

  • This dog sheds lots of hair throughout the year.
  • This breed needs daily grooming.
  • Needs a lot of food to supply it with energy.
  • Excessive amounts of drooling in some pups

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